Once you have mastered the cardinal numbers, you will have no problem at all learning the German ordinal numbers, because they simply add - te to the cardinal numbers. Home      Alphabet      that ordinal numbers are just like adjectives, so they may take different dreizehnte14. 2. zweitens – 2 nd second. Anne Fox has been working as a translator, editor, and writer for more than 12 years. When you have mastered the cardinal numbers it’s time to focus on the ordinal numbers. She has taught middle school through university, online and live. sechzehnte17. This rule has four exceptions: erste ( êrs -te) ( first) dritte ( dri- te) ( third) siebte ( zeep -te) ( seventh) achte ( âHt -e) ( eighth) You need to show dative case agreement with the adjective erste (first), so you add -n: erste + n = ersten. -te to the cardinal numbers. Get access risk-free for 30 days, In other words, you use these types of numbers for any type of counting. ♦ Ordinal numbers can also be expressed in writing by adding a period after the numeral. German Ordinal Numbers: Letzter Beitrag: 26 Apr. Letters. 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When denoting currency, the currency is named where the comma appears. ♦ German numbers between 21 and 99 that are not mulitples of ten (20, 30, 40, etc.) neunundzwanzigste30. Million, Milliarde, and Billion are separate words (82 100 650 = zweiundachtzig Millionen einhunderttausendsechshundertfünfzig). ♦ All German numbers below a million are written out as a single word. Marks. to memorize as is. Where English uses a decimal point, German uses a comma. Order: We can also use the ordinal numbers to indicate the order in which things come. While English has many endings for ordinal numbers, German adds -te to the numbers 1 through 19 and then -ste to the numbers 20 and higher to form the ordinal. Learn for free... Games; All our sites. ), which are used to show the numerical order of things rather than just counting. (May 1st is a holiday in Germany.) (erst, zweit, dritt, usw Knowing the basic numbers — i.e., from 0 to 20, multiples of 10 to 100, and then the name of each successive place value — and recognizing the pattern that German numbers follow is enough to figure out how to say any number in German. Firstly I don’t feel like it, secondly I’m broke, and thirdly, I don’t like that film. Ordinal numbers function as adjectives, so they have the adjective endings you normally use in a sentence. zweiundzwanzigste23. (dêr êrs-te may ist ayn fay-er-tâg in doych-lânt.) You can use them to refer to any sequence of numbers, people, or things. Did you know… We have over 220 college Log in here for access. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. vierzehnte15. Numbered lists: For numbered lists, we simply add the ending ens. The second type of number is called ordinal numbers, which allows you to rank something. You use cardinal numbers when you look at a price tag or do your taxes. The German Billion is equal to the English trillion. Note that these are the same numbers that are combined with a hyphen when written out in English. (naH dêr âHt-en tah-se kâ-fey ist êr âm shrayp-tish ayn-ge-shlâf-en.) 4. viertens – 4 th fourth 13 to 19 are composed words meaning (3- 10) for 13 (dreizehn), (4-10) for 14 (fierzehn). Thank you! As you can see, in German, ordinal numbers are abbreviated with a dot after the number, whereas English uses the auxiliaries Xst, Xnd, Xrd, and Xth. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Exercises. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in German. Why am I not at the movies? Since I have been learning English as a second language myself for almost 20 years now I know how difficult it is to learn a language other than your native one. Cardinal numbers are the numerals used to count (one, two, three). Create your account, Already registered? (ein)hundertzweiundzwanzigste200. . Log in! fifth floor, sixth of December, and so on. (ein)tausendzweihunderteinundfünfzigste. (ein)tausendzweihunderteinundfünfzigste, 10.000.     zehntausendste100.100. German Numbers are easy to learn, cardinal numbers are a piece of cake if you understand the Placement tests. zehnte11. She was the first to reach the finish line. Forming them, there is a difference between the numbers from 1 to 19 and the numbers above: numbers from 1 to 19: add -te to the number; numbers from above 19: add -ste to the number; In English you usually jsut add the ending -th, while in German you either add -te or -ste. I studied English and American Studies, Communication Science, and Political Science at the University of Greifswald. can easily count to 20. Order: We can also use the ordinal numbers to indicate the order in which things come. She studied at Interpreter's School, Zurich, Switzerland, and holds a degree in translation. adjectives section for more information.

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